If you are visiting Nepal for the first time you may be wondering what to see and expect in your trip. So many things of interest for a visitor, such a spectacular topography, such a richness of culture and wealth of flora and fauna all packed in this small country, hardly can you find it anywhere else in the earth.
The capital Kathmandu together with towns of Bhaktapur and Patan are medieval cities packed with hundreds of masterpiece temples and stupas, some dating back even second and fifth centuries. It is only in Kathmandu that seven UNESCO declared world heritage sites lies in a periphery of just thirty kilometers. Within moment of arriving in the city, the sights and sounds so different but so friendly will take you in its spell.
This country has such a topographical contrast that elevation ranges from 70 meters above sea level in Jhapa to world's highest mountain, Everest 8848m above sea level. this unique variation has given Nepal a varied eco system, both thick tropical and alpine forest swarmed with diverse wildlife, great peaks of the world, frozen valleys, deep gorges, mysterious caves, furious himalayan rivers running down the hills and cool and calm lakes. It is the only country in the world where you can see tropical animals like wild elephants, tigers, rhinocerous and also alpine animals like snow leopards.
Nepal is the home to 2% of all flowering plants in the world, 8% (848 species) of the total birds of the world (more birds than in USA and Canada combined), 11 of 15 butterflies families found in the world (500 species), 600 indigenous plant families and more than 300 species of orchid species. And a population of 26 million people with about 60 ethnic groups speaking 70 different languages is a place with vibrant cultures, exotic traditions and festivals, unique art and architectures and above all very friendly people, all very alluring to the visitors.
Being birthplace of lord Buddha, founder of Buddhism, Lumbini in southern Nepal is visited by Buddhists, from all over the world. The great number of Tibetan refugees with their lamas, rinpochhe and stupas make Nepal a place ideal for those interested in Tibetan Buddhism. Very few people know the secret that original tibetan culture survives in remote and exotic Nepali villages bordering with Tibet and inhabited by people of Tibetan origin, rather than in Tibet itself.