Mt Everest TOP OF THE WORLD
Standing Majestically at over 8,848m (29,000 ft) from the sea level, Mt Everest is the highest mountain in the world. Situated in Nepal’s Mahalangur sub ranges of the Himalayas, Mt Everest shares its radius with 14 more peaks over 8,000m. Mt Everest is also called SAGARMATHA in Nepali language which means “GODDESS OF THE SKY” whereas is called CHOMOLUNGMA in Tibetan language which means “MOTHER GODDESS OF THE UNIVERSE”. On May 29, 1953, Sir Edmund Hillary from New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa from Nepal became first ever to conquer Mt Everest which was the part of British Expedition lead by Colonel John Hunt.
Mt Everest, being in height of 29,000 ft has one-third the air pressure that exists at sea level. This means breathing in Everest is not easy. Despite of this risk, Mt Everest attracts many climbers every year. Having 17 routes to reach the summit of Everest, most of the climbers choose 1 out of 2 routes. The first one is from Nepal’s Southeast ridge, the route crafted by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and the second one is from Tibet’s North Ridge which is bit challenging with several kilometres of Terrains.
Only strong desire to climb does not help climbers to get succeed in expedition but the support of experienced guide is also required. SHERPAS. The native people of Himalayan region are highly regarded as elite mountaineers. Serving the climbers in extreme altitude, SHERPA’s has got extreme climbing ability which is the result of Genetic Adaption to live in high altitude scientifically can also say “UNIQUE HAEMOGLOBIN- BINDING CAPACITY AND DOUBLE NITRIC OXIDE PRODUCTION”.
Prior to their Ascent, numerous mountaineers attempted to summit Mount Everest, including George Mallory who discovered the north Pole to the summit in 1921 and George finch, who reached an altitude over 27,000ft (8,230m) using Oxygen for the first time in 1922.Weather Condition in Everest is at Extreme Level. The Coldest month is January where the temperature reach at lowest of it (-60 Degree) and the warmest is on July where the average temperature reach at around -7 Degree. In Addition to the dangerously Cold temperatures, the wind and precipitation also plays the part of ADD-ON in Everest. Constant Wind and Moisture blow in from Indian Ocean brings frequent storms and heavy cloud over from June to September. From November to February, extreme winds blow in force of hurricane up to 177 miles/hr which often carry ice sand and stone.
May 20,1965: SHERPA NAWANG GOMBU becomes the first person to reach the summit Twice
May 16, 1975: JUNKO TABEI of Japan becomes the first woman to summit Everest
May 3, 1980: Japanese Climber YASUO KATO is the first non-sherpa to reach the summit a second time, following his original 1973 summit
Aug 20,1980: Reinhold Messner is the first person to reach the summit solo
1996 Climbing Season: 16 People die while climbing on Mt Everest, the highest number of fatalties in a Single year
May 22,2010: APA SHERPA, first summited on May 10,1990 reaches the summit a 20th time
April 22,1993: PASANG LAMU SHERPA, First Nepali Women to touch summit who lost her life during Descent at South Summit