Wildlife of Nepal


Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of natural resources. Nature has blessed Nepal with high Himalayas, glaciers and flora and fauna.  Not only high Himalayas but Nepal is home for many endangered species of animals and birds such as Great One Horn Rhino, Royal Bengal Tiger, Snow Leopard, Bengal florican and many more. From alpine zone of Himalayas to tropical terai, Nepal has diverse forms of inhabiting areas. 

Covering 0.1 percent of land in whole world, Nepal is still rewarded by beautiful nature through out its border unique to other countries. Records indicates Nepal has 5,160 species of flowering plants, including 352 species of Orchids.  

Nepal’s latest share in global diversity indicates

  • 9.3% Birds
  • 4.5% Mammals
  • 4% Butterflies
  • 2.7% Flowering plants
  • 1.6% Reptiles
  • 1% Amphibians
  • 1% Fresh water fishes

Nepal’s biodiversity profile records 208 mammals, 867 birds, 123 reptiles, 55 amphibians, 230 freshwater fish and 651 butterfly species.  Despite of this beautiful gift from Nature, Nepal always faced the challenge in preserving these floras and faunas. Till Rana Regime, there was no wildlife protection area in Nepal and the country was hunting ground for rulers and hunters. Once Wildlife conservation Act was introduced in 1957 A.D to identify the importance of protecting wildlife in Nepal, slowly the protection areas started to form. Till now there are 12 National parks, 1 Wildlife reserves, 6 Conservation areas in Nepal. 

National Parks 

  • Chitwan National Park                       1973 A. D                               952.63 Sq. Km
  • Bardia National Park                         1976 A. D                               968 Sq. Km
  • Sagarmatha National Park                 1976 A. D                               1,148 Sq.Km
  • Langtang National Park                      1976 A. D                               1,710 Sq. Km
  • Rara National Park                             1976 A. D                               106 Sq.Km
  • Khaptad National Park                        1984 A. D                               225 Sq. Km
  • Shey Phoksundo National Park            1984 A. D                               3,555 Sq. Km
  • Makalu Barun National Park                1991 A. D                               1,500 Sq. Km
  • Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park        2002 A. D                               159 Sq. Km
  • Banke National Park                           2010 A. D                               550 Sq. Km
  • Shuklaphanta National Park                1976 A. D                               305 Sq. Km
  • Parsa National Park                            1984 A. D                               637 Sq. Km

Wildlife Reserve

  • Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve               1976 A. D                                175 Sq. Km

Conservation Areas

  • Annapurna Conservation Area               1986 A. D                              7,629 Sq. Km
  • Kanchenjunga Conservation Area          1997 A. D                              2,035 Sq. Km
  • Manaslu Conservation Area                   1998 A. D                              1,663 Sq. Km
  • Blackbuck Conservation Area                2009 A. D                              15.95 Sq. Km
  • Api Nampa Conservation Area               2010 A. D                              1,903 Sq. Km
  • Gauri Shankar Conservation Area          2010 A. D                              2,179 Sq. Km    

Nepal has beared the worst poaching record in past but thanks to Nepalese military, Nepal Government along with NGO’s and INGO’s , Nepal has achieved success in protecting the wildlife and is on the way in “DOUBLE THE TIGER BY 2022” campaign being the most successful country on the chart.