Facts to Know before Travelling Nepal
Currency: Nepalese Rupee (NPR)
Airport: Nepal has only one International Airport-Tribhuwan International Airport, Kathmandu. Major cities of Nepal holding tourism destination point has local airports which can be still accessible by Road Transport except Everest Region. The only way to reach Everest Region is by flight to Lukla Airport which only departs from Kathmandu Airport.
VISA information: A Passport with 6 Months Validity at the End of Your Stay is generally required for Visits to Countries outside of Nepal. All Foreign Nationalities except Indian Passport Holders need A Visa to Enter Nepal and It Can be obtained on Arrival at Kathmandu Airport. And at border entry points in Kakadvitta, Birgunj, Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj, Gaddachowki on the Nepal-India Border and Kodari on the Nepal-China Border.You will also need to Provide Two Passport Photos and the Visa Fee are as following
- Multi entry visa valid for 15 days - US$25
- Multi entry visa valid for 30 days - US$40
- Multi entry visa valid for 90 days - US$100
We strongly advise to Carry US Dollars with Travellers which is Easily Accepted in Immigration. Other Currencies are also Accepted although the Price May Differ. Visa can be obtained only through payment of cash in following currency: Euro, Swiss, Franc, Pound Sterling, US Dollar, Australian Dollar, Canadian Dollar, Hong Kong Dollar, Singapore Dollar and Japanese Yen.
Transportation: Transportation between cities is easy through Bus, Private Vehicles and Flights. Despite the roads are not those easy and well managed, travellers will feel how the locals live their life with this serious transport infrastructure issue. If you are in group travelling together, travel agents will managed the Haice or Private Tourist bus which is very safe means of transport. Every major cities of Nepal has airport. If you wish to travel alone or group of 2 or 3 travellers, it is recommended to use either Tourist bus (subject to availability) or public haice which departs from Kathmandu to every part of Nepal. Bicycle and taxis are great for navigating around Kathmandu, Pokhara and Chitwan.
Safety: Travelling in Nepal is always best decision in terms of every single fact. Any part of Nepal you visit, you will be warmed welcome by locals and every service providers. For Nepalese, the visitors are the form of God. But there are some facts the travellers need to be very careful in terms of safety. Foods and Drinks do not meet the hygiene standard of you in some place or if you are feeding yourself in local. Be careful with your food and water consumption. You should carry medical kit; make sure you have several courses of antibiotics as well as a decent supply of Oral Rehydration Salts. If you are travelling in mountain region for trekking where there is no road access, strictly prohibit meats and drinks. Always carry STERIPIN with you. While hiking in High Mountain, be very careful with trail mainly on Everest region. The trail is very narrow where Yak, Horses and Donkeys daily walk carrying the goods. Wait until they pass holding the side to the wall rather than in the edge. Animals cannot judge where you are and slight touch of them can create big accident. If you have any issue with your travel agents, service providers or if you became victim of any unwanted situation, get in contact with Tourist Police ASAP. Tourist police is a special unit of Nepal police working under Department of Tourism. The main function and responsibility of Tourist police is to look after the welfare of tourist and to assure them a memorable stay in Nepal. They also advise and assist tourist in safety and security during travelling, trekking, rafting and hotel stay in any part of Nepal.
Festivals and Culture in Nepal:
Foods in Nepal: Nepalese Food Culture is a bit different than around the Globe.
Many Nepalese do not feel that they have eaten a real meal unless it has included a sizable helping of rice. Most People eat a large rice meal twice a day, usually at midmorning and in the early evening. Rice generally is served with Dal (A Lentil Dish) and Tarkari (A Cooked Vegetable).Often, the meal includes a Achar( Pickle)made of a fruit or vegetable. In poorer and higher-altitude areas, where rice is scarce, the staple is dhiro, (A thick mush made of corn or millet). In areas where wheat is plentiful, rice may be supplemented by flat Roti (Bread).Most families eat from individual plates while seated on the floor. Though some urbanites use Western utensils, it is more common to eat with the hands. Conventions regarding eating and drinking are tied to caste. Orthodox high-caste Hindus are strictly vegetarian and do not drink alcohol. Other castes may drink alcohol and eat pork and even beef. Traditionally, caste rules also dictate who may eat with or accept food from whom. Members of the higher castes were particularly reluctant to eat food prepared by strangers. Consequently, eating out has not been a major part of the culture. However, caste rules are relaxing to suit the modern world, and the tourist economy is making restaurants a common feature.
Here are some interesting facts about food culture in Nepal
- The Nepalese consider that food and eating are all divine and food should be eaten in a joyful manner.
- The main staple diet of most Nepali people is Dal, Bhat and Tarkari – translated as Lentils, Rice and Curried vegetable. A meal of those three is generally eaten twice a day.
- Most Nepalese use their fingers to eat and using spoons and forks is not common, especially when you are having “Daal Bhat” the staple Nepalese diet. Use your right hand to eat and deal with food. Nepalese use their left-hand to wash themselves in the toilet.
- Cows are worshipped in Nepal, and considered the axis of the agricultural economy. Therefore their slaughter is forbidden and Nepalese do not eat beef.
- The meat most widely consumed in Nepal is the one of male goats and sheep.
- The kitchen in Hindu households is considered as sacred and usually faces south.
- There are several festivals throughout the year where Nepali Hindus celebrate by fasting.
- In most part of country, especially rice-growing areas, meals are eaten twice a day, about 10am and 8pm.
- In between the two big meals, snacks are generally eaten, such as bread, chura (beaten rice), roti (flat bread), curried vegetables, milked tea and other snacks.
- Eating is always in the home and going to a restaurant is unheard of except in cities.
- In the hills where rice is expensive, the Nepalese substitute rice for dhedo, which is a mixture of flour and water or butter.
- The most common custom in Nepal is jutho, which translates as “contaminated” and requires people not to touch others’ food and drink with either their hands or their spoon. When drinking water for example, Nepalese people will not touch the bottle or glass to their lips so that others can drink from it also.
- Another custom is the idea that the foot is ritually dirty and therefore stepping over food or pointing the soles of your feet is disrespectful. Don’t eat off someone else’s plate or offer anyone food you have taken a bite out of.
- Most Nepalese people won’t eat meat every day, if they are not vegetarian and if they can afford it meat will be prepared and enjoyed during festivals.
Best time to Visit Nepal: