Culture of Nepal
Nepal is intertwined and is blessed as one of the countries having the richest cultural values. Nepal has diverse customs and tradition that differ from one part of the country to another. Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal, serves as the country’s cultural metropolis since the early 18th century after the unification of the country. Nepali culture represents a fusion of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan-Mongolian impact, as a result of a long history of migration, takeovers, and trade. The culture of Nepal includes the codes of manners, dress, language, rituals, norms of behavior and systems of belief.
The combination of tradition and novelty is what defines the unique culture of the country. Basically, the Nepalese culture is the assemblage of music, architecture, religion, and literature. This multi-ethnic and multi-lingual kingdom has a variety of cultural groups that are unique in their own manner.
The hospitality of Nepalese is something that will surely touch your heart. The warm and welcoming people in each town and street around the country will always keep you connected where ever you go. Local people mostly in rural areas, invite tourists to their houses and treat them. Guests are like God is what the Nepalese believe and so they treat. Nepalese are culturally warm, hospitable and affectionate hosts who place their heart above their head.
Daura-Suruwal, typically termed as 'Labeda-Suruwal' is the traditional Nepali dress. The dress has several religious beliefs identifying its designs and has, therefore, remained the same from the years. The Daura has eight strings that serve to tie itself up around the body. Eight is the lucky number in Nepali mythology. Also, the Daura has five pleats or Kallis, signifying Pancha Buddha or Pancha Ratna. And the closed neck of the Daura signifies the snake around the Lord Shiva's neck. The Nepali dress for women is a cotton sari (Guniu) that is gaining great popularity in the fashion world.
The main rituals followed in Nepal are naming ceremony, rice-feeding ceremony, tonsure ceremony, ceremony of giving Nepali Sari (Guniu), marriage ceremony and funeral rite.The rituals are still prevailing in society and are performed with zeal.. Different ritual experts have different roles in these rituals.
Astonishing enough, seven out of the ten world heritage sites in Nepal are termed cultural by UNESCO. Thus, the stupas, monasteries, temples and architecture are all representatives of the rich cultural heritage of Nepal. The following are the cultural world heritage sites of Nepal.
- Kathmandu Durbar Square
- Patan Durbar Square
- Bhaktapur Durbar Square
- Changu Narayan Temple
- Swayambhunath Stupa
- Pashupatinath Temple
- Bouddhanath Stupa
Apart from world heritage sites, there are other pilgrimage sites in Nepal that hold great cultural importance. A tour of these places will make you familiar with the rich culture of Nepal.
Barah Chhetra, Halesi Mahadev, Janakpur, Pathibhara, Tengboche in Eastarn Nepal Manakaman, Gorkha, Lumbini, Muktinath, Gosainkunda, Tansen, Kathmandu Valley in Central Nepal, Swargadwari, Khaptad Ashram in West Nepal are famous pilgrimage sites in Nepal.