Chitwan National Park towards Zero Poaching and Double the Tiger by 2022


Chitwan National Park towards Zero poaching and Double the Tiger by 2022

Chitwan National park being the first National park of Nepal is home for 68 species of Mammals, 544 species of Birds and 126 species of fish. Enlisted in UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Chitwan National park shares its home with many endangered species of mammals including Great One Horn Rhino, Royal Bengal Tiger, Asiatic Rock Python, Bengal Florican (Critically Endangered) and many more. Maintaining the tourism standard for decades, Chitwan national park has played vital role to preserve the animals and birds parallel till today’s date.  

Royal Bengal Tiger 

It was estimated that there were around 800 rhinos in Nepal in 1950s where 700 rhinos were in Chitwan National Park. The number of Rhinos continuously declined to less than 100 till late 60’s. In 1972, Government of Nepal formulate The National Park and Conservation act to save the animals from illegal poaching and trading of its parts in collaboration with Nepal Army. Nepal Army is only the military service in the world that looks after conservation of National parks. With the efforts of the Army in protecting the Chitwan National Park, backing the Rhino project, the 1994 count estimated about 466 individuals and this figure increased further to 544 individuals in 2000. The Department credits anti poaching operations for the rapid rise in the numbers. However, the demands of internal security duties constrained the conservation efforts of the Nepali Army and as a result the numbers of rhinos in Chitwan National Park fell to 372 individuals according to the census of 2005. With the improvement in the internal security scenario and consequent enhanced conservation efforts of the Army, the rhino population has shown some recovery and is now estimated at 446 individuals. Till today’s date the number has rise up to 611 individuals. 

Thanks to Nepal Army, NGO’s and INGO’s, local community for the amazing piece of work in conservation of wildlife which result Chitwan National park to celebrate Zero poaching Year in 2013,2015 and 2016 respectively. 

Working day night in conservation of wildlife celebrating Zero poaching year, Chitwan National park also became the first site to be accredited as Conservation Assured Tiger Standard (CA|TS), demonstrating its excellence in tiger conservation and protection.  Tigers are an endangered species, with only a few thousand left in the world, according to the IUCN Red list of Threatened species. Chitwan National park boasts of having largest number of tigers in Nepal, with 120 tigers out of the 198 tigers in the country. With tiger numbers growing by 63% as per the 2013 census, the Chitwan national park became the most successful park in conserving tigers. Not a single tiger was killed in Nepal in the last three years. However, the illegal wildlife trade was not stopped. News of poachers and traders being arrested with tiger skins and bones have not stopped in spite of the authorities claiming Zero poaching. When a rhino is poached, the poachers hack off the horn and sometimes the hooves, but leave behind the body. However, the case of tiger is different. Each and every part of the carcass is traded. The poachers don’t leave even a single trace of the hunt- be it skin, toes, nail, bones or meat-and everything is sold at high prices.