NEPALESE CUISINE GUIDE
Discoveries, adventures, new memories are what we search while we are on a trip to any location. Trekking and tours in nepal is no different, a lifetime moments are ready to be experienced and the stories to be told with excitement. This unforgettable adventurous journey definitely has its perks but you do not want anything unturned during your trip. Follow our guide article to Nepalese cuisine and be ready to experience every single moment in Nepal.
Consumption of adequate amount of food and fluids during your trek is most important factor as well as selecting the right diet with better choices for you. In order for you to successfully complete the trekking firstly you need to prepare yourself with certain endurance exercises beforehand and be physically fit to certain level also you need to monitor your daily diet during your trek and balance the calorie intake with your activities. High Himalayas are prone to give you some mild headaches and feel of nauseas which makes you lose some appetites.
The Modern Continental Ranges on Offer
Trekking for 8 hours in high Himalayas will only be done successfully with the right amount of food in your system and soon you will realize it is all about your appetite and staying healthy. You should strictly monitor and managing your food intake every day for its adequacy. Some Days as you reach higher altitudes, you might get your hunger suppressed and may feel uneasy to take a meal but the more you eat your balanced dietary meal in timely fashion one will gain higher adaptation for the altitude they are exposed to.
As mentioned above Trekking food in Nepal aren't limited to Nepali dishes in today’s modern tea house lodge. It used to be only one option back in the ancient era while trekking in Nepal that being DHAL BHAT (Lentils, Rice and Curry) but now a day most of the menus includes Western and Chinese style dishes. You can expect to find pasta, pizza, French fries, chowmein etc. These options usually aren’t nearly as good as you will find in your local cafes and restaurants at your regular eatery but great if you just fancy a change.
The recommendation anyone is looking for is to eat fresh and ample amount of rice lentils and vegetable curry dish every time you stop for lunch or dinner. They are high in carbohydrates with good amount of protein from legumes and satisfying as well. We strongly recommend to avoid any meat products in high Himalayas as you could tell there aren't proper road for any vehicle movement and the supplies have to be transported at the back of yak or Donkeys or via helicopter Importing meats from Kathmandu logically may make them very vulnerable for cross contamination as they may not be in the cooling container during the transportation process.
The Better And Wise in High Himalayas
Breakfast – Tibetan Bread:
Tibetan bread is a traditional homemade flatbread, available in every teahouse. You can enjoy it cooked plain and served with an omelette or fried egg on top. Or, if you’ve got a sweet tooth, order it fried which is served with honey. Whether you want a sweet or savoury breakfast, Tibetan bread is the answer – it’s really delicious and filling!
Lunch – Momo:
Another traditional Nepali dish is ‘Momo’. A type of dumplings with various fillings (meat or vegetable) and spicy dipping sauce. Great for a snack or side dish, either steamed or fried. When we’re trekking, we try to eat light at lunchtime because it’s much harder to get started again on a very full stomach! But if you prefer to eat your main meal at lunchtime, try momo in the evening!
Lunch / Dinner – Dal Bhat and Curry:
You’ll soon become familiar with the famous phrase ‘Dal Bhat Power 24 Hour’! Dal bhat is the Nepali staple diet. In fact, most Nepalis eat dal bhat twice a day, every day. This doesn’t mean they eat exactly the same food every day. Dal bhat, consisting of rice, lentil gravy soup, curry (veg, meat or even paneer), pickles and often-steamed or fried greens is different every time you order it. It depends what vegetables and meat are available, so you’re always in for a surprise! In the lower mountains, many tea houses have their own vegetable gardens and get plucked freshly for preparation as yo order the meal. You can find dal bhat on every teahouse and restaurant menu. It’s sometimes referred to as the Nepali Thali Set Meal. Traditionally when you order dal bhat, you’re offered a second helping of rice and lentil gravy, likely some more curry too. So it’s a great and healthy choice when you’re famished after a hard long walk.
Some More Food Items You Should Try In NEPAL
Newari Khaja Set (Popular Dish in Kathmandu Valley):
Newari cuisine is one of the most enjoyed food originated from the indigenous Newari tribe from Kathmandu valley. Newari restaurants are available at all other part of the country too thought the authenticity can only be tasted in Kathmandu valley. A Newari khaja set consists of 13 items and can be served for around 3-4 people- baji (bitten rice), bhatmas sandheko (spiced roasted soybeans salad), badam (peanut), piro aallu (spiced potato), hakkuchhoila (spiced smoke-barbecued buff meat), jalaa (made from finely chopped buffalo skin), dyakula (cooked buff meat), hansko chhoila (spiced smoke-barbecued duck meat), sukuti sandheko (spiced dried buff meat), buff chilly, sanya-khuna (gelatinous cold dish made from anchovies and buff meat with skin gelatins), kachila ( raw finley minced spicy buff meat), and achaar(pickle).
Dhindo or Dhido sounds like some exotic dish from Nepal, but it is simply a thick porride or similar, made by cooking stone-ground cornmeal, millet flour or buckwheat flour with salt and water without any suger. Dhindo has been a staple food of most rural and middle mountain area people of Nepal. It is slightly sour and tangy with very unique taste. Dhindo has a high nutrition value and will satisfy your taste buds if you are looking for an exotic food. It is usually eaten with Gundrook (fermented and dried green vegetable leaves)soup. Traditionally dhindo is cooked in a Nepali iron pan with long handle and rounded bottom, called a taapke, which has excellent heat distribution qualities.
NEPALESE NOODLE SOUP (THUKPA):
Traditional heartly soup from the himalays which can be easily cooked without chicken to make it suitable for vegetarians. This dish is highly recommended while you are trekking in high Himalayas of Nepal to recover from Altitude sickness. Taste is better when serve it with ginger and to minimize the nausea.
Selroti is the ancient dish of hilly region that is cooked especially in Tihar- the festival of lights. Sel Roti is prepared out of semi liquid rice flour spices with cardamon and cinnamon and to bring a little sweetness butter, cream and sugar is added. A ring of semi liquid rice flour mixture is added to the oil that is under high temparture. Sel Roti is ready when both sides are golden brown colour.
Kheer or rice pudding is a sweet dish prepared by adding rice, dried fruits, cinnamon and cardamom in a boiling milk leaving it to simmer for more than hour.
Another famous newari dish, Chatamari is also known as Nepali Pizza which is a pancake made up of rice flour. Chatamari is a compulsory dish of Newar is festive occasions. Eat plain or top up with egg, meat or vegetable and add some cheese if you like.
Juju Dhau also known as King Curd is a thick, creamy, sweetened yogurt served in clay pots in the city of Bhaktapur. It’s made with buffalo milk, so it’s much richer than regular cow’s milk yogurt. It’s an important accompaniment to many Newari festive celebrations and a must-try when visiting Bhaktapur. Grab a pot from a street-side vendor.
Usually are the air dried buff meat mixed with cumin, salt and local spices. They are the real treats if anyone want to indulge on the authentic newari food. Sukuti are usually served by smashing them to separate each protien fibers mixing them with some spice and roasted mustard seed oil.
Bara is an important part of the ‘Newari Khaja Set’ but it can be served alone as a light snack as well. Made more like a pancake with black lentil, this dish can be served as vegetarian. The savoury dish is made non-vegetarian by mixing other ingredients such as minced chicken or egg which are known as ‘Masu-Bara’ and ‘Anda Bara’ respectively. The hot Bara served with spicy pickle is one of the must-try dish that one must not miss.
Gundruk is one of the most authentic dish in the nepali cuisine. It is a fermented leafy spinach, whose peculiar flavour is so addictive that one one cannot remain away. The sour and savoury taste of the soup made with Gundruk known as ‘Gundruk ko Jhol’ is popular among every ethnic groups in Nepal. The soup is mostly served in cold weather as an appetizer and also in the form of side dish with rice. Another most popular form of the dish is pickle known as ‘Gundruk ko Achar’. This Achar is served in ‘Nepali Thali Set’. Some more local foods you should try while travelling Nepal
Some More Local Foods You Should Try While Travelling NepalFood Safely Management in Nepal During Trekking
Travelling, eating and drinking will be part of your trekking journey but unfortunately, travellers can get sick with food borne illnesses. And the good news is there are ways to navigate around your habit to reduce your chances of getting sick while travelling.
1.Personal hygiene should be your priority- Keeping your personal hygiene at your peak will keep you safe from common travel illnesses. Washing your hands thoroughly with soap and water after going to the toilet and before dealing with any food. If clean water isn't available during your travel at some instance, use some disposable wipes or an alcohol-based hand sanitiser.
2.Stay hydrated and Practice Safe water drinking - Hydrating the body but avoiding contaminated water while you travel. Few simple tips to make sure water is safe includes-
- Using only reliable source even for bottled water and checking seals properly for their authenticity.
- Use tap water to drink only after bringing it to a rolling boil.
- Use a water purifier. Chemically disinfect water by using iodine-based tablets.
- Steer clear pre-made ice cubes unless you know for sure that they are made with bottled water.
- FIY Freezing water preserves germs.
3.Food safety - Food cooked at high temperatures are usually safe to eat so feel quite confident on a plate of steaming hot meal in front of you.Be cautious of food that is on bain marie or kept warm at room temperature even the buffet. Avoiding any Raw food would be a smart choice such as cut up fresh fruits and vegetables unless you know they were washed in safe water and prepared in hygienic way. Street food stalls provide a great way to experience the local culture and cheaper alternative but probably won’t have the same hygiene standards as restaurants. the best bet would be to choose steaming hot food straight off the stove.
4. Prioritize protein rich food with cooked vegetables and complex carbohydrates: Protein keeps you fuller for longer than simple carbohydrates. They are an excellent source of energy and essential macronutrients aiding to recover your muscles from a long day of walking. Planning ahead for smaller snacks for the road will help you not binge eat at your meal table and keeps you energized. Try to get smaller snacks every two to three hours rich in protein filled nuts trail mix or jerky to keep the blood sugar level high and energy level up.